Just for fun I thought I would see if I could track down all the non-VAG diesels* for sale in the US in 2016 along with who actually makes the motor.
|GM||Colorado/Canyon||2.8 Duramax I4||VM Motori [Italy]|
|GM||Silverado/Sierra HD||6.6 Duramax V8||GM/Isuzu [US/Japan]|
|FCA||Ram/Grand cherokee||3.0 ecodiesel V6||VM Motori [Italy]|
|FCA||Promaster||3.0 Ecodiesel I4||Iveco [Italy]|
|FCA||RAM HD||6.7 Cummins I6||Cummins [US]|
|Ford||Transit||3.2 powerstroke I5||Ford [UK]|
|Ford||Super Duty||6.7 powerstroke V8||Ford/AVL [US/Austria]|
|Nissan||Titan XD||5.0 Cummins V8||Cummins [US]|
|Mercedes||E250/Sprinter/GLE||2.1 Blutech I4||Mercedes [Germany]|
|Mercedes||GLS/sprinter||3.0 blutech V6||Mercedes [Germany]|
|BMW||328d/X3 xDrive28d||2.0 N20 I4||BMW [Germany]|
|BMW||335d/ X5 xDrive35d||3.0 N57 V6||BMW [Germany]|
|Jaguar||XE 20d||2.0 Ingenium I4||JLR [UK]|
|Land Rover||Range Rover td6||3.0 TD6 V6||JLR [UK]|
There are (more or less) 14 Diesel engines in the light/medium duty market or thoseSo here is the breakdown
2 are US made
3 are Italian (VM Motori was owned by GM/Fiat now entirely FCA)
4 are German made
3 were designed in the UK
and 2 were joint projects between US domestic makes (GM and Ford) and foreign firms (AVL/Isuzu)
For engine configuration:
Quite a variety if you ask me.
Half of these engines are “Heavy Duty” only, which is a less stringent emissions category. This includes trucks with a GVWR of 8501 lbs or more like the Titan XD, Ford Super Duty, Ram/GM 2500/3500, and heavy cargo vans (passenger or cargo) like the Transit and sprinter. With the case of the vans, even though the engines are small, they are NOT certified for use in light trucks or passenger vehicles.
Now I will say that many of these engines that started life as foreign engines (to US markets) have been substantially reworked for US emissions and NVH standards. In the case of the Canyorado, for example, there has been a lot of emissions, and NVH work done by GM in addition to the base motor.
It should also be noted that many of these are global engines with design happening one place, with support from another and manufactured in another entirely.
*excluded until all their VW/Audi/Porsche engines are clear and free